Armenians had continued to attend church, however, specifically for life-crisis occasions and rites of passage. The majority of Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church. There are additionally adherents to Catholic, Evangelical, and Protestant denominations. Women are thought-about to be the bearers and transmitters of culture, customs, and custom and are seen as responsible for youngster rearing.
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The most common domestic unit, however, was a patrilocal multi generational household. The accepted practice is to keep away from marriage with close kin (of up to seven kin-distances). Because of housing shortages in Soviet Armenia, the brand new couple resided with the groom’s household . The preference, nonetheless, has been and continues to be for neolocality, that’s, the new couple forming a brand new family. During the Soviet period, there was a properly-established welfare system. Since then, the social welfare system has been affected by the economic crisis.
“The pressure for ladies within the tech business goes away with time, experience, success and wisdom,” she says. Gayane Ghandilyan Arakelyan is CEO of Digital Pomegranate–one of many world’s premier Flutter improvement agencies, and considered one of Armenia’s largest tech firms the place over 50 % of employees and 70 percent of high management are women. Amalya Yeghoyan Amalya Yeghoyan is executive director of Armenia’s second largest city, Gyumri IT Center and Project Manager at Enterprise Incubator Foundation the place 70 percent of workers are women. Two women tech executives discuss their journey by way of the male-dominated sector. With double-digit annual growth charges, Armenia’s tech sector has turn into the quickest growing section–employing 20,000 staff. Once dominated by men, now the country’s tech sector employs 30 percent women–bigger than the 20 p.c international average of girls employed in IT. The Safe YOU staff is convinced that social problems may be tackled by revolutionary online solutions, due to this fact our current mission is to regularly enhance the mobile app’s functionality and to make it accessible in additional international locations.
Education is valued and is given great weight as an agent of socialization. In Armenia all through the 20 th century, training was free and accessible to all. Because of privatization trends in the submit reindependence period, nevertheless, there are fears that schooling may not stay accessible to all. During the Soviet era, women had been assured their employment after a prolonged, paid maternity go away. The apply has continued after independence, pending new reforms, which observers fear may lower paid maternity go away. Although inheritance laws have undergone changes and reforms over the years, historically, women and men have been handled equally.
About a million Armenians live in numerous European nations, and half one million Armenians live in the Middle East and Africa. The ethnic composition of Armenia’s inhabitants is 93.three % Armenian; 1.5 % Russian; 1.7 percent Kurdish; and 3.5 percent Assyrian, Greek, and different. Armenians name themselves hay and determine their homeland not by the term “Armenia” however as Hayastan or Hayasdan. The origins of those words could be traced to the Hittites, among whose historical documents is a reference to the Hayasa. In the Bible, the world designated as Armenia is known as Ararat, which the Assyrians referred to as Urartu.
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Children are extremely valued and they occupy the center of attention in households till they reach puberty. At puberty they’re disciplined and are anticipated to take on obligations.
Diaspora Armenian communities comply with the inheritance laws of their respective international locations. The married couple and their offspring constitute the domestic unit. During Soviet rule, the domestic armenian women unit consisted of a multi generational household. Often paternal grandparents, their married offspring, and single aunts and uncles resided together.
History And Ethnic Relations
Following these demonstrations, on 28 May 1988, the seventeenth anniversary of the independence of Armenia was celebrated for the first time since Soviet rule. During the summer season of 1988, mass demonstrations continued, adopted by general strikes. In November 1988, Armenians have been subjected to further massacres in Azerbaijan, leading to massive refugee issues. Emergency measures have been established in both republics and Azerbaijan started a blockade of Armenia.
Harissa a standard meal, consists of wheat grain and lamb cooked over low warmth. The pomegranate, with its symbolic association with fertility, is the nationwide fruit. When talking of friendship, Armenians say “we’ve bread and salt among us.” In the state protocol, when dignitaries are welcomed, bread and salt are presented. Armenia has centered on small-scale agriculture since gaining independence in 1991. Armenians believed in glasnost, and framed their demands in its rhetoric. In February 1988 there were impressive demonstrations in Yerevan and Stepanakert (the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian enclave in Azerbaijan) requesting the reunification of Karabakh with Armenia on the idea of self-determination rights.
which was based on a version of nineteenth century Armenian spoken in Istanbul and is used primarily within the Diaspora, and Eastern Armenian, which was based on the Armenian spoken in Yerevan and is used within the ex-Soviet international locations and Iran. This latter dialect was subjected to orthographic reforms in the course of the Soviet era. There is also “Grabar” Armenian, the unique written language, which continues to be used in the liturgy of the Armenian national church. Approximately three million folks live within the republic of Armenia. Another three million Armenians live in varied countries of the ex-Soviet Union—mainly in Russia. One and a half million Armenians are dispersed within the Americas.
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The disastrous earthquake in Armenia on 7 December 1988 added to the prevailing refugee and economic problems. On 12 January 1989, a special commission to manage the Karabakh region, beneath the direct management of Moscow, was established. On 28 May 1989, the Soviet Armenian authorities acknowledged 28 May because the official anniversary of the republic of Armenia. During the summer season of 1989, the Armenian National Movement acquired authorized status, and held its first congress in November 1989. In January 1990, additional Armenian massacres were reported in Baku and Kirovabad. During the spring elections, members of the Karabakh Committee, Soviet dissidents, got here to energy in parliamentary elections. The republic of Armenia gained its independence on 21 September 1991.
Although the old age security system or pension is still in place, the amount of funding designated as monthly fee is not enough to maintain a subsistence residing. Robert Kocharian was the second president elected within the republic of Armenia since its independence. The cupboard is formed by a major minister designated by the president. A constitution was adopted by nationwide referendum in July 1995.
In this difficult journey, we’d like support and cooperation from activists and anxious parties all over the world, and most significantly with our fellow researchers and SVRI/WBG award winners. We are additionally working with World Fair Trade Organization Asia to launch the App in additional than 5 Asian countries. In addition, we are working with these partners to integrate women’s financial empowerment tools and resources into the app. Most of my household is from Iran; each my dad and mom were born and raised there. There’s a giant Armenian population in Iran, and though we share some cultural similarities with Iranians, we very a lot establish as Armenian. We ended up moving to Greece for a little over three years while we waited for the paperwork to be accomplished, and in 1989 we moved to America. We settled in Glendale, where there’s also an enormous Armenian population.